Implicit Knowledge as Intellectual Capital?

I came across an article that is reflective of the shifts in today’s digital world. It cites the virtualization of the work place to an open-knowledge environment. Whereas I have been used to searching for peer-reviewed, scholarly articles, there are multitudes of “semi-tacit knowledge or knowledge that is unreviewed, serendipitous, and closer to raw” (Bedford, 2011).

Bedford posits two questions: If people are the sources of knowledge now (Blogs, tweets), what represents an individual’s knowledge? If there is a universal people profile and data model, who controls it, where does it live, and how is it maintained?

The first question is addressed through the use of an interesting model by Daniel Andriessen, who talks about intellectual capital. Intellectual capital is composed of human capital, structural capital, and relational capital. Human capital includes implicit knowledge, skills, and attitude. Andriessen defines structural capital as “explicit, encoded knowledge, processes and procedural know-how, and all forms of culture, including organizational, personal, and national” (Bedford, 2011). This is relevant to us because relational capital includes our networks, the social media that we use, and our business and social relationships.

The types of capital can be used to develop a personal knowledge management (PKM) model that translates as personal knowledge behaviors and characteristics, as well as patterns of data collection that are then developed into a personal profile. This PKM is then created and sustained as part of the individual’s growth.


Bedford, D. A. D. (2011).  Enabling personal knowledge management with collaborative and semantic technologies. American Society for Information Science and Technology, 38 (2). Retrieved from                        Jan12_Bedford.pdf.

Andriesses, D.


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